Geomagnetic pulsations in the Extreme Low Frequency Band

Following the  article on the radio solar bursts received on the  decameter band during last few years by our Sidmonitor  website i decided to publish two spectacular geomagnetic pulsations  received with Forno ELF Observatory, sited in Forno di Coazze , Torino, Italy . (OPERA Network)

For more references  you can also see  my previous works about pulsations and Alfven Resonances over the Western Alps using a mobile observatory   or , eventually ,  the project page.

The coil used was an ICS101 Induction Coil and the observatory was connected to the  observatories network.

Geomagnetic pulsations are magneto-hydrodynamic waves  within the Earth’s magnetosphere. They can be of two types: the magnetosonic wave and the Alfven wave. Magnetosonic waves propagate in any direction and generate compression and rarefaction of both the magnetic field and the plasma; Alfven waves propagate along the direction of the ambient magnetic field and produce magnetic perturbations traversal to the field lines. Compressive MHD waves propagating in the magnetosphere, if their frequency matches the field line eigenfrequency, can drive a resonance mechanism. In this situation, standing oscillations of the geomagnetic field lines, which behave as strings with the ends fixed in the ionosphere, occur . (from INGV WEBSITE  )

The pulsations at frequencies less than 1 Hz are more typical of polar areas and their intensity decreases moving toward the equator, while those at higher frequencies up to 4 Hz find the best conditions to arise more in the middle latitudes. Also, in mid-latitudes the presence of pulsations it’s  almost exclusively nocturnal: most of them will disappear during the day, although at the same time in the polar regions, the phenomenon is still present.

As you can  see in the above spectrograms, are clearly visible, other than the Geomagnetic Pulsation (PC1) also the Schumann Resonances (the first and its first three harmonics) and local noise coming from the power line , other than the classic statics.

For a comparison of the Schumann resonances in the electric field using the Explorer E202 , you can read my old test  here  .


PC1 Received 11 September 2017 . Forno Observatory Spectrogram (Spectrum Lab).


With a better magnification , using Sonic Visualizer with different palettes and FFT resolution , is possible to have a better physiognomy of  the geomagnetic pulse :

PC1 , Forno September 2017

In this short video you can hear the original record, sampled N times faster  to be audible to human ears processed with Sonic Visualizer. The pulse has the typical vertical stripes that identify in an unequivocal way this type of signal.What are you going to hear was a recording of about 6 hours in a frequency range from 0.8 to 3 Hz.

Another Pulsation Train ,  Forno Observatory  received on September 1 2016.

Schumann resonances are a group of peaks in the spectrum portion of the extremely low frequencies (ELF) of the earth’s electromagnetic field. They are global electromagnetic resonances, excited by the electrical discharges of lightning in the cavity formed by the earth’s surface and the ionosphere







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